Early Russian History. Key Issues. Гончарова Л.Ю. - 8 стр.

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Vocabulary work
Read and memorize the following words and expressions, suggest their
Russian equivalents:
prejudice, n
slogan, n
origin, n
originate, v
nomad, n
abode, n (e.g. semi-permanent abodes)
marshland, n
tribe, n
tribal, adj (e.g. tribal consciousness)
fuse, v
fusion, n
chronicle, n (the Chronicle)
monk, n
credible, adj
credibility, n (e.g. the credibility of a
legend, story, etc)
rivalry, n
warfare, n
strife, n
expulsion, n
scholar, n
commerce, n (=trading)
bulwark, n (=stronghold)
seafaring people
warlike trading fraternities
trade route
to pave the way for smth
supremacy, n (e.g. military, political
supremacy)
supreme, adj (e.g. supreme ruler)
cradle, n (e.g. the cradle of the Russian
state)
trickery, n
political machinery
achievement, n (=accomplishment)
subjugation, n
reinforce, v (e.g. to reinforce an idea)
compel, v (to compel smb to do smth)
possess, v (e.g. to struggle for possession
of land)
prince, n
principality, n
village communes (=obshchina)
merchant, n
bourgeoisie, n
treaty, n
artisan, n (=craftsman)
tribute, n
stratified society
grand duke
assembly, n (=meeting)
rule of succession
Questions for discussion
Comment on the following:
1. The author traces the origin of the word Rus to the name of the northern
Varangian invaders. What other hypotheses concerning the issue have been formed
by scientists? Which one seems the most plausible to you?
2. Why is the Chronicles story about Rurik invitation considered a subject
of much controversy?
3. How can you define the role the Varangians played in early Russian
history?
4. On what ground does the author compare Vladimir I of Russia with
Alexander the Great and Charlemange?