# The cell. Кулагина Ж.Д. - 14 стр.

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• ## Иностранный язык

14
все тело растения представляет собой одну огромную клетку с сотней ядер.
5. Цитоплазма перетекает из одной части клетки в другую. 6. Клеточная
мембрана состоит из двух или трех слоев. 7. Через отверстия цитоплазма
клетки сообщается с цитоплазмой соседних клеток 8. Ядро регулирует
нормальную жизненную деятельность клетки.
Ex. 6. Translate the following sentences into Russian paying attention to
the functions of Gerund.
1. The friends spoke of going together to the country. 2. One more method of
discovering the presence of this illness has been found. 3. I didn't hear of their
staying in Leningrad during the blockade. 4. Listening to music gives much
pleasure. 5. He had a genius for detaching the important from the trivial. 6. She
cannot read without consulting the dictionary. 7. His standards for describing
and naming plants and animals were innovations for his time. 8. His being
stopped by a stranger surprised him very much. 9. Each organism has its own
way of living. 10. I remember my having told him about the meeting. 11. We
didn't know about his having been taken to hospital. 12. He began making
lenses. 13. The teacher was pleased at our having written the exercises so well.
14. His having asked this question shows that he doesn't understand the article.
15. We know of many experiments being made at our laboratory. 16. They are
speaking about his being sent to Moscow. 17. His having been sent there caused
a great sensation. 18. In studying a particular group of organisms biologists are
concerned both with the structural and functional characteristics. 19. Your
having been sent with the expedition was known to everybody.
Ex. 7. Translate the sentences into Russian paying attention to the
emphatic construction "it is that".
1. It is in carbohydrates that green plants first store their energy. 2. It is in
carbohydrates that the energy is distributed to all parts of the plant, and it is from
carbohydrates that much of the energy is obtained and used by animals. 3. It is
the absence of vitamins that brings on diseases. 4. It is the magnifying power of
lenses that made it possible to see tiny things. 5. It was Carlous Linneus who
suggested the first system of classification of living things. 6. It was during his
trip on the "Beagle" that Darwin first began to develop his theory of evolution.
7. It is in this form that carbon dioxide returns from the organic to inorganic
world. 8. It is from this sugar that the carbon contained in the carbohydrates, fats
and proteins of plants and animals is obtained. 9. It was Linneus who supplied
the human species with an official name homo-sapience.
Ex. 8. Translate the following sentences in Russian bearing in mind the
various meanings of the words in bold type.
                                         14
все тело растения представляет собой одну огромную клетку с сотней ядер.
5. Цитоплазма перетекает из одной части клетки в другую. 6. Клеточная
мембрана состоит из двух или трех слоев. 7. Через отверстия цитоплазма
клетки сообщается с цитоплазмой соседних клеток 8. Ядро регулирует
нормальную жизненную деятельность клетки.

Ex. 6. Translate the following sentences into Russian paying attention to
the functions of Gerund.

1. The friends spoke of going together to the country. 2. One more method of
discovering the presence of this illness has been found. 3. I didn't hear of their
staying in Leningrad during the blockade. 4. Listening to music gives much
pleasure. 5. He had a genius for detaching the important from the trivial. 6. She
cannot read without consulting the dictionary. 7. His standards for describing
and naming plants and animals were innovations for his time. 8. His being
stopped by a stranger surprised him very much. 9. Each organism has its own
way of living. 10. I remember my having told him about the meeting. 11. We
didn't know about his having been taken to hospital. 12. He began making
lenses. 13. The teacher was pleased at our having written the exercises so well.
14. His having asked this question shows that he doesn't understand the article.
15. We know of many experiments being made at our laboratory. 16. They are
speaking about his being sent to Moscow. 17. His having been sent there caused
a great sensation. 18. In studying a particular group of organisms biologists are
concerned both with the structural and functional characteristics. 19. Your
having been sent with the expedition was known to everybody.

Ex. 7. Translate the sentences into Russian paying attention to the
emphatic construction "it is … that".

1. It is in carbohydrates that green plants first store their energy. 2. It is in
carbohydrates that the energy is distributed to all parts of the plant, and it is from
carbohydrates that much of the energy is obtained and used by animals. 3. It is
the absence of vitamins that brings on diseases. 4. It is the magnifying power of
lenses that made it possible to see tiny things. 5. It was Carlous Linneus who
suggested the first system of classification of living things. 6. It was during his
trip on the "Beagle" that Darwin first began to develop his theory of evolution.
7. It is in this form that carbon dioxide returns from the organic to inorganic
world. 8. It is from this sugar that the carbon contained in the carbohydrates, fats
and proteins of plants and animals is obtained. 9. It was Linneus who supplied
the human species with an official name – homo-sapience.

Ex. 8. Translate the following sentences in Russian bearing in mind the
various meanings of the words in bold type.