Roman Britain. Мартемьянова Н.В. - 34 стр.

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34
With the loss of two generals the Roman army retreated in confusion before
the surging advance of the great alliance. In a campaign of startling speed the
tribal forces raced southwards. The whole country was ablaze and London lay
under siege. Victory was complete.
Their Vengeance satisfied, the alliance turned to plunder, and picked the
province clean. By the time Roman reinforcements arrived under Theodosius the
campaign was over. The armies of the alliance had broken up with warrior bands
taking what booty they could seize as they returned northwards.
In the northern alliance the Irish had found common cause with the Picts and
a link was forged with Pictland which would lead, one day, to the single most
important event in Scottish history.
Perhaps for the part they played in that campaign the Irish were given land on
the West Coast of Pictland in the area of Kintyre and Knapdale. In any case
events were taking place in Ireland during the fifth century which caused settlers
from what is now Antrim but was then known by the name of its people, the
Dal Riata, to cross the North Channel and land on the Mull of Kintyre.
Before the end of that century, Fergus Mor, King of the Dal Riata had
forsaken his royal capital in Ireland and made a new Kingdom in Kintyre. What
makes this so important is that these Celts from Ireland were known also by
another name, a nickname which meant raiders, they were called the Scots.
They settled quickly in the land that would one-day bear their name, and they
spread. Within half a century they occupied all of what is now Argyll and were
in conflict with the Picts and the British Kingdom of Strathclyde.
THE REASON FOR THE HUDRED YEAR WAR
Flanders had grown to be the industrial center of northern Europe and had
become extremely wealthy through its cloth manufacture. It could not produce
                                        34

With the loss of two generals the Roman army retreated in confusion before
the surging advance of the great alliance. In a campaign of startling speed the
tribal forces raced southwards. The whole country was ablaze and London lay
under siege. Victory was complete.
Their Vengeance satisfied, the alliance turned to plunder, and picked the
province clean. By the time Roman reinforcements arrived under Theodosius the
campaign was over. The armies of the alliance had broken up with warrior bands
taking what booty they could seize as they returned northwards.
In the northern alliance the Irish had found common cause with the Picts and
a link was forged with Pictland which would lead, one day, to the single most
important event in Scottish history.
Perhaps for the part they played in that campaign the Irish were given land on
the West Coast of Pictland in the area of Kintyre and Knapdale. In any case
events were taking place in Ireland during the fifth century which caused settlers
from what is now Antrim but was then known by the name of its people, the
Dal Riata, to cross the North Channel and land on the Mull of Kintyre.
Before the end of that century, Fergus Mor, King of the Dal Riata had
forsaken his royal capital in Ireland and made a new Kingdom in Kintyre. What
makes this so important is that these Celts from Ireland were known also by
another name, a nickname which meant ‘raiders’, they were called the ‘Scots’.
They settled quickly in the land that would one-day bear their name, and they
spread. Within half a century they occupied all of what is now Argyll and were
in conflict with the Picts and the British Kingdom of Strathclyde.