# Механика очага землятресения. Спецкурс. Воронина Е.В. - 33 стр.

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• ## Физика земли

31
() ()
=∗=
()
()
β
α
γδττ+
πρ


+γγ−γγ−


αβ
πρα πρβ


. (7.5)
r.
-
()

γ

α
πρα

, (7.6)
()
1
x
.
r
1.
,
2.
λ+ µ
α=
ρ
3.
α
α
-
4.
5.
S
                                                                                                                       31

&
X ( [ W ) = $(W ) ∗ *LM =  U β = πρ  ( γ L γ M − δLM ⋅ )  U  ∫ τ$
U
   (W − τ ) GW +
α

U                                                U
$ W −  −     + γLγ M γLγ M$ W −  .        (7.5)
 πρα

U       
     α               πρβ

U       β

   
Wlh \ujZ_gb_ ba\_klgh dZd nhjfmeZ KlhdkZ ij_^eh_ggZy bf \
 ]h^m
Hlghkbl_evgZy \_ebqbgZ nmgdpbb =jbgZ aZ\bkbl hl jZkklhygby f_
^m bklhqgbdhf b ijb_fgbdhf r. I_j\uc qe_g \ nhjfme_ KlhdkZ \ujZZ_l
ihe_ kf_s_gbc \ [ebg_c ahg_ Z \lhjhc b lj_lbc — ihe_ kf_s_gbc \
^Zevg_c ahg_ Ihe_ kf_s_gbc \ ^Zevg_c ahg_ h[jZlgh ijhihjpbhgZevgh
wibp_gljZevghfm jZkklhygbx Kf_s_gby \ [ebg_c ahg_ [ukljh aZlmoZxl
b \Zgu lhevdh \ aZ^ZqZo bg_g_jghc k_ckfheh]bb Ihqlb \k_ k_ckfheh
]bq_kdb_ gZ[ex^_gby hlghkylky d gZ[ex^_gbyf \ ^Zevg_c ahg_ dhlhju_
hibku\Zxlky i_j\uf emq_\uf ijb[eb_gb_f
K\hckl\Z 3  b 6  \heg \ ^Zevg_c ahg_                                  

J-\hegZ \ ^Zevg_c ahg_ aZ^Z_lky kf_s_gbyfb
U
XL3 ( [ W ) =                                         ;  W −  ,
&                                         
γL γ M                                           (7.6)
πρα

U       
    α
]^_ ; (W ) — h[t_fgZy kbeZ ijbeh_ggZy \ gZijZ\e_gbb x1 .


<^hev gZijZ\e_gby r hl bklhqgbdZ wlZ \hegZ h[eZ^Z_l ke_^mxsbfb
k\hckl\Zfb
1. aZlmoZ_l dZd U − ,               

λ + µ
2. jZkijhkljZgy_lky kh kdhjhklvx α =
ρ
3.  bf__l nhjfm dhe_[Zgbc aZ\bkysmx hl ijhkljZgkl\_gghc dhf
[bgZpbb W − U  ]^_ U — \j_fy \klmie_gby J-\hegu gZ klZgpbx
α      α
4. bf__l Zfieblm^m kf_s_gby ijhihjpbhgZevgmx ijbeh_gghc \
^Zgguc fhf_gl \j_f_gb kbe_
5. gZijZ\e_gb_ kf_s_gbc \ \heg_ iZjZee_evgh gZijZ\e_gbx ^\b
_gby hl bklhqgbdZ
LZdZy \hegZ gZau\Z_lky ijh^hevghc beb jZ^bZevgh iheyjbah\Zgghc
Ihi_j_qgZy S \hegZ \ ^Zevg_c ahg_ aZ^Z_lky kf_s_gbyfb