# Theoretical English Grammar. Part 2. Syntax. Бочарова М.В. - 32 стр.

Составители:

Рубрика:

• ## Иностранный язык

Task 15. Identify the semantic roles of the arguments in the sentences below.
e.g. He
put the book on the shelf.
ppp
agent patient locative
1. He’s travelled the world.
2. The glazier cuts glass with a diamond.
3. He drew lines on the paper.
4. He struck me on the knee.
5. That was a tactical decision.
6. Did you hear what I told you?
7. London faced a severe winter last year.
8. She was given a ring for her birthday.
PART 3. COMPOSITE SENTENCE SYNTAX
3.1. TOPIC OUTLINE
THE COMPOSITE SENTENCE vs. THE SIMPLE SENTENCE
o A composite sentence has the following properties:
– it consists of 2 or more clauses which are related both syntactically and se-
mantically,
– the syntactic relation can be (1) marked with a linker or (2) formally un-
marked,
– the clauses can be:
(1) of equal status ĺ the relation of coordination between the clauses ĺ a
compound sentence, or
(2) of different status ĺ the relation of subordination between the clauses ĺ a
complex sentence.
32
 Task 15. Identify the semantic roles of the arguments in the sentences below.
e.g. He put the book on the shelf.
�           �           �
agent       patient      locative
1. He’s travelled the world.
2. The glazier cuts glass with a diamond.
3. He drew lines on the paper.
4. He struck me on the knee.
5. That was a tactical decision.
6. Did you hear what I told you?
7. London faced a severe winter last year.
8. She was given a ring for her birthday.

PART 3. COMPOSITE SENTENCE SYNTAX

3.1. TOPIC OUTLINE

THE COMPOSITE SENTENCE vs. THE SIMPLE SENTENCE

o A composite sentence has the following properties:
– it consists of 2 or more clauses which are related both syntactically and se-
mantically,
– the syntactic relation can be (1) marked with a linker or (2) formally un-
marked,
– the clauses can be:
(1) of equal status � the relation of coordination between the clauses � a
compound sentence, or
(2) of different status � the relation of subordination between the clauses � a
complex sentence.
32