# Theoretical English Grammar. Part 2. Syntax. Бочарова М.В. - 9 стр.

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4. David Garrow, a scholar who won a Pulitzer for his biography of King, was
skeptical about the whole notion of an autobiography.
PART 2. SIMPLE SENTENCE SYNTAX
2.1. TOPIC OUTLINE
THE SENTENCE AS A LANGUAGE UNIT
ITS FUNDUMENTAL PROPERTIES
o The sentence is a structural and semantic unity and unit which names a real
life situation and communicates a definite message.
o The sentence is the primary unit of Syntax, as:
1) it is the minimal communicative language unit which expresses a ‘com-
plete thought’, i.e. a complete description of an event or state of affairs;
2) its basic function is the communicative one (while the major function of
all the other language units – phonemes, morphemes, words and phrases –
is structural, i.e. to build a sentence);
3) the whole range of language phenomena – from intonation patterns to se-
mantics and pragmatics – can be realised on the sentence level.
o The sentence vs. the utterance = the potential language unit vs. the actualised
speech unit.
o The sentence is the most complex language unit that consists of a number of
elements connected by different types of syntactic and semantic relations. It can
be studied in a number of aspects, the major of which are three – structural
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4. David Garrow, a scholar who won a Pulitzer for his biography of King, was
skeptical about the whole notion of an autobiography.

PART 2. SIMPLE SENTENCE SYNTAX

2.1. TOPIC OUTLINE

THE SENTENCE AS A LANGUAGE UNIT
ITS FUNDUMENTAL PROPERTIES

o The sentence is a structural and semantic unity and unit which names a real
life situation and communicates a definite message.

o The sentence is the primary unit of Syntax, as:
1) it is the minimal communicative language unit which expresses a ‘com-
plete thought’, i.e. a complete description of an event or state of affairs;
2) its basic function is the communicative one (while the major function of
all the other language units – phonemes, morphemes, words and phrases –
is structural, i.e. to build a sentence);
3) the whole range of language phenomena – from intonation patterns to se-
mantics and pragmatics – can be realised on the sentence level.

o The sentence vs. the utterance = the potential language unit vs. the actualised
speech unit.

o The sentence is the most complex language unit that consists of a number of
elements connected by different types of syntactic and semantic relations. It can
be studied in a number of aspects, the major of which are three – structural

9