# Theoretical phonetics. Study guide for second year students. Борискина О.О - 40 стр.

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40
Waitress: Vegetable curry. OK. And how about dessert?
Customer 1: Mm. Let me see. Maybe some pie. Apple pie.
Waitress: Apple pie. And for you?
Customer 2: I'd like cherry pie.
Waitress: OK. One apple pie and one cherry pie. Thank you.
Task 8. What words would you make prominent in part A and part B? What
words in part B contrast with words in part A? What words in part B offer new
information?
1. A: Do you have it in dark blue?
B: No, sorry, only light blue.
2. A: Are you feeling better?
B: Oh, yes, much better.
3. A: Should we meet at one?
B: Can we make it a quarter after one?
4. A: And the winning number is 5-4-9.
B: That's my number.
5. A: Is he an artist?
B: Actually, a very good artist.
6. A: Did you say Tom was in the front yard?
B: No, the back yard.
Mark the sentence-stressed words in the following sentences. After you
have found the words, practice reading the sentences aloud.
John is coming over tonight. We are going to work on our homework together.
Ecstasy is an extremely dangerous drug.
We should have visited some more castles while we were travelling through
Jack bought a new car last Friday.
They are looking forward to your visiting them next January.
Exciting discoveries lie in Tom's future.
Would you like to come over and play a game of chess?
They had to work hard last few months on their challenging experiment.
Shakespeare wrote passionate, moving poetry.
As you might have expected, he has just thought of a new approach to the
problem.
Task 10. How do you understand pitch and tone? Ref. [Соколова, 2003, pp.366-
374; Celce-M., 1996, SRM, pp. 54-68]. Complete the information file with
types of tones relevant to ELL.
According to R. Kingdon the most important nuclear tones in English are:
Low Fall, High Fall, Low Rise, High Rise, and Fall-Rise.
The meanings of the nuclear tones are difficult to specify in general terms.
Roughly speaking, __________________________ of any level and range
expresses certainty, completeness, independence and giving new information.
                                     40
Waitress: Vegetable curry. OK. And how about dessert?
Customer 1: Mm. Let me see. Maybe some pie. Apple pie.
Waitress: Apple pie. And for you?
Customer 2: I'd like cherry pie.
Waitress: OK. One apple pie and one cherry pie. Thank you.

Task 8. What words would you make prominent in part A and part B? What
words in part B contrast with words in part A? What words in part B offer new
information?
1.    A: Do you have it in dark blue?
B: No, sorry, only light blue.
2.    A: Are you feeling better?
B: Oh, yes, much better.
3.    A: Should we meet at one?
B: Can we make it a quarter after one?
4.    A: And the winning number is 5-4-9.
B: That's my number.
5.    A: Is he an artist?
B: Actually, a very good artist.
6.    A: Did you say Tom was in the front yard?
B: No, the back yard.

Task 9. Mark the sentence-stressed words in the following sentences. After you
have found the words, practice reading the sentences aloud.
• John is coming over tonight. We are going to work on our homework together.
• Ecstasy is an extremely dangerous drug.
• We should have visited some more castles while we were travelling through
• Jack bought a new car last Friday.
• They are looking forward to your visiting them next January.
• Exciting discoveries lie in Tom's future.
• Would you like to come over and play a game of chess?
• They had to work hard last few months on their challenging experiment.
• Shakespeare wrote passionate, moving poetry.
• As you might have expected, he has just thought of a new approach to the
problem.

Task 10. How do you understand pitch and tone? Ref. [Соколова, 2003, pp.366-
374; Celce-M., 1996, SRM, pp. 54-68]. Complete the information file with
types of tones relevant to ELL.
• According to R. Kingdon the most important nuclear tones in English are:
Low Fall, High Fall, Low Rise, High Rise, and Fall-Rise.
The meanings of the nuclear tones are difficult to specify in general terms.
Roughly speaking, __________________________ of any level and range
expresses certainty, completeness, independence and giving new information.