# How to Discuss a Story. Бунеева И.М - 60 стр.

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reader has to work at understanding the two elements involved.
E.g. the sunrise of her smile; the rain that came down in buckets.
Personification
Personification is a figure of speech in which animals or things are given human
characteristics. Personification heightens out imaginative response to what is being
described.
E.g. Dawn was just breaking with a guilty air. (Dawn, a natural phenomenon, is
described as displaying the behaviour of someone who has done something wrong.)
Repetition
Repetition can be a most effective way of creating atmosphere or of pointing to a
theme in a story.
Symbol
A symbol may be a person, an object or an action that represents something else
because of an association with it.
E.g. new fallen snow is recognized as a symbol of purity; a red rose stands for
romantic love; the lion is a symbol of courage and strength.
Humour
Humour takes many forms. It ranges from exaggerated situations, funny lines to
comic characterization and funny plot.
Irony
Irony occurs when a person says one thing but really means something else. It also
exists when a person does something that has the opposite effect from what he or
she intended. It can be used to convey both the seriousness and humour of
situations.
Point of view
Point of view refers to the specific character or narrator through whose eyes all or
part of the story unfolds.
Stories are usually narrated in the first or third person. A story narrated in the first
person means that it is told by a participating character using the pronoun I. In
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reader has to work at understanding the two elements involved.
E.g. “the sunrise of her smile”; “the rain that came down in buckets”.

Personification

Personification is a figure of speech in which animals or things are given human
characteristics. Personification heightens out imaginative response to what is being
described.
E.g. “Dawn was just breaking with a guilty air”. (Dawn, a natural phenomenon, is
described as displaying the behaviour of someone who has done something wrong.)

Repetition

Repetition can be a most effective way of creating atmosphere or of pointing to a
theme in a story.

Symbol

A symbol may be a person, an object or an action that represents something else
because of an association with it.
E.g. new fallen snow is recognized as a symbol of purity; a red rose stands for
romantic love; the lion is a symbol of courage and strength.

Humour

Humour takes many forms. It ranges from exaggerated situations, funny lines to
comic characterization and funny plot.

Irony

Irony occurs when a person says one thing but really means something else. It also
exists when a person does something that has the opposite effect from what he or
she intended. It can be used to convey both the seriousness and humour of
situations.

Point of view

Point of view refers to the specific character or narrator through whose eyes all or
part of the story unfolds.

Stories are usually narrated in the first or third person. A story narrated in the first
person means that it is told by a participating character using the pronoun “I”. In