# Writing. Part 2. Домбровская И.В - 23 стр.

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22
of interest and attention?
From a social standpoint, sport plays a positive role in uniting people
from different social backgrounds in support of their favourite team. This can
aid people's understanding and tolerance of each other. However, just as sport
unites people so it can divide them, as is often demonstrated by crowd violence
at football matches.
As far as education is concerned, sport is an important part of every
child's schooling, as it plays a big role in both their physical and mental
development. It teaches children how to work as part of a team and cooperate
with others, while at the same time improving physical condition. The only
drawback to this is that children who are less able to perform well in sport are
likely to feel inadequate in comparison to their more gifted classmates, which
may affect their self-confidence.
From an economic point of view, sport can be very profitable, as it
attracts a lot of sponsorship and advertising. On the one hand this creates
revenue for the sporting industry which allows for improvement and expansion.
On the other hand large sums of money are often paid to event organisers to
promote products such as cigarettes, which are harmful to one's health.
In my opinion, sport should be used as much as possible to encourage
people to lead a more healthy and peaceful life instead of being used to promote
unhealthy products.
First and Last Paragraphs
In order to grab the reader's attention and make them want to continue
-state a strong, firm opinion e.g. There is no doubt that women are more
intelligent than men ...;
-make reference to a strange scene or situation e.g. The sight of hundreds of
flying fish ...;
e.g. Is all this worth the lack of privacy?
-start with a problem that needs a solution e.g. More and more species are
becoming extinct...
The last paragraph should:
-state a personal opinion e.g. I believe , It seems that;
-give the reader something to consider e.g. Things would be different if ;
-summarise the article e.g. To conclude ;
-end with a quotation or rhetorical question e.g. Alls fair in love and war. To
be or not to be?
Exercise 18
Match the first paragraphs with the last paragraphs. Which techniques are
used for the first/last paragraphs? Which outlines should be used for each
topic? Write a title for each topic.
                                        22
of interest and attention?
From a social standpoint, sport plays a positive role in uniting people
from different social backgrounds in support of their favourite team. This can
aid people's understanding and tolerance of each other. However, just as sport
unites people so it can divide them, as is often demonstrated by crowd violence
at football matches.
As far as education is concerned, sport is an important part of every
child's schooling, as it plays a big role in both their physical and mental
development. It teaches children how to work as part of a team and cooperate
with others, while at the same time improving physical condition. The only
drawback to this is that children who are less able to perform well in sport are
likely to feel inadequate in comparison to their more gifted classmates, which
may affect their self-confidence.
From an economic point of view, sport can be very profitable, as it
attracts a lot of sponsorship and advertising. On the one hand this creates
revenue for the sporting industry which allows for improvement and expansion.
On the other hand large sums of money are often paid to event organisers to
promote products such as cigarettes, which are harmful to one's health.
In my opinion, sport should be used as much as possible to encourage
people to lead a more healthy and peaceful life instead of being used to promote
unhealthy products.

First and Last Paragraphs
In order to grab the reader's attention and make them want to continue
-state a strong, firm opinion e.g. There is no doubt that women are more
intelligent than men ...;
-make reference to a strange scene or situation e.g. The sight of hundreds of
flying fish ...;
e.g. Is all this worth the lack of privacy?
-start with a problem that needs a solution e.g. More and more species are
becoming extinct...
The last paragraph should:
-state a personal opinion e.g. I believe …, It seems that;
-give the reader something to consider e.g. Things would be different if …;
-summarise the article e.g. To conclude …;
-end with a quotation or rhetorical question e.g. “All’s fair in love and war.” “To
be or not to be?”

Exercise 18
Match the first paragraphs with the last paragraphs. Which techniques are
used for the first/last paragraphs? Which outlines should be used for each
topic? Write a title for each topic.