# Welcome to the computer world. Practice materials for 1st year students. Еранина Т.И - 19 стр.

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• ## Иностранный язык

19
To convert – превращать
Data – данные
To store – хранить
Digital – цифровой
1) What does the term “computer” describe?
2) Is computer intelligent?
3) What are four components of computer system?
4) What is software?
5) What’s the difference between the hardware and software?
6) In what way terms “data” and “information” differ?
7) How does computer convert data into information?
Task 3. Find Russian equivalents for the following words:
Computer, diskette, metal, processor, scanner, information, data,
microphone, printer, modem, Internet.
Task 4. Here are some sentences. Are they true or false? Correct the false
sentences:
1) Computer is made of electronic components so it is referred to as
electronic device.
2) Computer has no intelligence until software is loaded.
3) There are four elements of computer system: hardware, software,
diskettes and data.
4) Without software instructions hardware doesn’t know what to do.
5) The software is the most important component because it is made
by people.
6) The user inputs data into computer to get information as an
output.
Task 5. Read and translate the text. Give the summery of the text using the
professional vocabulary:
What is hardware?
Webster’s dictionary gives us the following definition of the hardware –
the devices composing a computer system.
Computer hardware can be divided into four categories:
                                       19

To convert  превращать
Data  данные
To store  хранить
Digital  цифровой

1) What does the term computer describe?
2) Is computer intelligent?
3) What are four components of computer system?
4) What is software?
5) Whats the difference between the hardware and software?
6) In what way terms data and information differ?
7) How does computer convert data into information?

Task 3. Find Russian equivalents for the following words:

Computer, diskette, metal, processor, scanner, information, data,
microphone, printer, modem, Internet.

Task 4. Here are some sentences. Are they true or false? Correct the false
sentences:

1) Computer is made of electronic components so it is referred to as
electronic device.
2) Computer has no intelligence until software is loaded.
3) There are four elements of computer system: hardware, software,
diskettes and data.
4) Without software instructions hardware doesnt know what to do.
5) The software is the most important component because it is made
by people.
6) The user inputs data into computer to get information as an
output.

Task 5. Read and translate the text. Give the summery of the text using the
professional vocabulary:

What is hardware?

Websters dictionary gives us the following definition of the hardware 
the devices composing a computer system.
Computer hardware can be divided into four categories: