# 18th Century Britain. Иностранный язык. Фомина И.В. - 6 стр.

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• ## Иностранный язык

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Ex. 9. Translate Passive constructions into Russian. Pay special attention to the Tense
forms.
1. This event has been celebrated since by Orangemen.
2. A promise was immediately broken by the passing of severe Penal Laws.
3. The new conquest of Ireland was followed by fresh confiscations of land.
4. The country was ruled more brutally and openly.
5. The new regime was accepted without much opposition.
6. After William of Orange and Mary had been declared king and queen, Parliament
added to the laws of the constitution.
7. All resolutions were to be signed by the individual responsible.
8. They are supported by a majority of it.
Ex. 10. Determine the function of the verb have in the following sentences. Is have
an auxiliary verb, a modal verb or a full verb expressing possession?
1. William III had to do much to secure his hold.
2. In Ireland James II had an army ready to hand.
3. Williams victory has been celebrated since by Orangemen.
4. William of Orange and Mary had been declared king and queen before
Parliament added to the laws of the constitution.
5. The Act of Settlement included rules, which would have made government
chaotic and strangled cabinet government.
6. No person who had an office or place of profit under the king could serve as a
member of the House of Commons.
7. This would have involved a subordination of the administration to the
legislature.
Ex. 11. Read the sentences, find the modal verbs in them and translate them correctly.
1. William III had to do much to secure his hold.
2. James II was easily able o stir up a national rising of the native Catholis against the
Protestants.
3. The British were to know it.
4. A person could serve as a member of the House of Commons.
5. All revolutions were to be signed by the individual responsible.
6. We can see that in Britain collaboration between the kings ministers and the
representatives of his people was an instrument of government.
Ex. 12. Could you determine if these sentences are true or false? If any sentence is
false, correct it.
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Ex. 9. Translate Passive constructions into Russian. Pay special attention to the Tense
forms.

1. This event has been celebrated since by Orangemen.
2. A promise was immediately broken by the passing of severe Penal Laws.
3. The new conquest of Ireland was followed by fresh confiscations of land.
4. The country was ruled more brutally and openly.
5. The new regime was accepted without much opposition.
6. After William of Orange and Mary had been declared king and queen, Parliament
added to the laws of the constitution.
7. All resolutions were to be signed by the individual responsible.
8. They are supported by a majority of it.

Ex. 10. Determine the function of the verb have in the following sentences. Is have
an auxiliary verb, a modal verb or a full verb expressing possession?

1.     William III had to do much to secure his hold.
2.     In Ireland James II had an army ready to hand.
3.     William’s victory has been celebrated since by Orangemen.
4.     William of Orange and Mary had been declared king and queen before
Parliament added to the laws of the constitution.
5.     The Act of Settlement included rules, which would have made government
chaotic and strangled cabinet government.
6.     No person who had an office or place of profit under the king could serve as a
member of the House of Commons.
7.     This would have involved a subordination of the administration to the
legislature.

Ex. 11. Read the sentences, find the modal verbs in them and translate them correctly.

1. William III had to do much to secure his hold.
2. James II was easily able o stir up a national rising of the native Catholis against the
Protestants.
3. The British were to know it.
4. A person could serve as a member of the House of Commons.
5. All revolutions were to be signed by the individual responsible.
6. We can see that in Britain collaboration between the king’s ministers and the
representatives of his people was an instrument of government.

Ex. 12. Could you determine if these sentences are true or false? If any sentence is
false, correct it.