# Ireland. A history. Part II. Иностранный язык. Фомина И.В. - 11 стр.

Составители:

Рубрика:

• ## Иностранный язык

11
into a national conspiracy. For this reason it was garrisoned by relatively few
government troops; and for this reason, when the government found a note from
Fitzgerald naming the port of Wexford as a possible site for a French landing they at
first gave the job of searching for arms and information to the local Protestant
yeomanry.
Now the Protestants of Wexford were in general notoriously sectarian in outlook,
so that when they immediately began to set about their business in an undisciplined
and even vicious fashion appropriate to their opinion of the Roman Catholic
peasantry, the fear they inspired inflamed an already strong sense of terror.
The first outbreak in Wexford seems to have resulted from a panicky
determination in one locality not to submit any longer to the torture which was now
spreading through the country like a sort of plague.
The rebels won an important early victory over the North Cork militia in open
country at Oulart Hill. Here, incidentally, the difficulty of finding any easy nationalist
pattern in the rebellion is shown by the fact that the Catholic militia were refused
mercy by their fellow Catholic captors though they pleaded for it in Irish, a language
which Wexfordmen no longer understood. From their victory at Oulart the rebels
pushed on to take the town of Enniscorthy which they partly set on fire before setting
up their main camp on a nearby prominence known as Vinegar Hill.
The events at Scullabogue had taken place after the rebels had suffered the first of
their major defeats in a hard-fought battle for the town of New Ross, and the atrocity
was indeed partly a retaliation for that setback. The essential lack of strategy in their
movements had been demonstrated by the fact that instead of proceeding immediately
northwards from Vinegar Hill to try and join up with individual rebel groups in the
Midland counties, they had first strayed southwards, capturing the town of Wexford
itself but thereby giving the government forces time to concentrate against them
effectively. When they eventually did try and move northwards towards Dublin after
the defeat at New Ross they paid the penalty for the delay and suffered a further
heavy defeat at Arklow on the Dublin road. Finally less than a month after they had
first taken the field they were driven from their main encampment in a decide battle
on Vinegar Hill itself.
A vicious slaughter of scattered rebels by government troops continued for some
time. But the rebellion in Wexford indeed the United Irish rebellion altogether
was over.
3. Retell the text.
Unit VII.
1. Read and translate the text.
The high-minded and patriotic attempt of the radical political theorists who had
founded the United Irishmen to bring the two separate Irish nations together had
foundered on primitive confusion and prejudice. Although the great majority of the
penal laws had long been repealed after falling into disuse and Catholics had actually
                                           11
into a national conspiracy. For this reason it was garrisoned by relatively few
government troops; and for this reason, when the government found a note from
Fitzgerald naming the port of Wexford as a possible site for a French landing they at
first gave the job of searching for arms and information to the local Protestant
yeomanry.
Now the Protestants of Wexford were in general notoriously sectarian in outlook,
so that when they immediately began to set about their business in an undisciplined
and even vicious fashion appropriate to their opinion of the Roman Catholic
peasantry, the fear they inspired inflamed an already strong sense of terror.
The first outbreak in Wexford seems to have resulted from a panicky
determination in one locality not to submit any longer to the torture which was now
spreading through the country like a sort of plague.
The rebels won an important early victory over the North Cork militia in open
country at Oulart Hill. Here, incidentally, the difficulty of finding any easy nationalist
pattern in the rebellion is shown by the fact that the Catholic militia were refused
mercy by their fellow Catholic captors though they pleaded for it in Irish, a language
which Wexfordmen no longer understood. From their victory at Oulart the rebels
pushed on to take the town of Enniscorthy which they partly set on fire before setting
up their main camp on a nearby prominence known as Vinegar Hill.
The events at Scullabogue had taken place after the rebels had suffered the first of
their major defeats in a hard-fought battle for the town of New Ross, and the atrocity
was indeed partly a retaliation for that setback. The essential lack of strategy in their
movements had been demonstrated by the fact that instead of proceeding immediately
northwards from Vinegar Hill to try and join up with individual rebel groups in the
Midland counties, they had first strayed southwards, capturing the town of Wexford
itself but thereby giving the government forces time to concentrate against them
effectively. When they eventually did try and move northwards towards Dublin after
the defeat at New Ross they paid the penalty for the delay and suffered a further
heavy defeat at Arklow on the Dublin road. Finally less than a month after they had
first taken the field they were driven from their main encampment in a decide battle
on Vinegar Hill itself.
A vicious slaughter of scattered rebels by government troops continued for some
time. But the rebellion in Wexford – indeed the United Irish rebellion altogether –
was over.

3. Retell the text.

Unit VII.

1. Read and translate the text.
The high-minded and patriotic attempt of the radical political theorists who had
founded the United Irishmen to bring the two separate Irish ‘nations’ together had
foundered on primitive confusion and prejudice. Although the great majority of the
penal laws had long been repealed after falling into disuse and Catholics had actually