# The History of the Ancient World: Практическое пособие по английскому языку. Часть 1. Гончарова Л.Ю. - 4 стр.

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4
It was also this period which produced, across Europe, a number of
voluptuous female figure forms which have become known as primitive Venuses .
It is speculated that these figurines are fertility symbols.
Azilian Art First Writing? 7000 BC
Perhaps the greatest difficulty of studying people of the Late Paleolithic Age is
that they left no written records of their achievements only paintings on rock walls.
One of the best preserved examples is also the most intriguing the rock
painting found in caves of Mes dAzil in southern France. Here stones were found
with what appears to be writing on them although they have never been deciphered.
If they are indeed writing, then they might be the first and the oldest form of written
communication in the world.
Earliest Houses circa 30,000 BC
The earliest remains of buildings date from the time of the hunters of the Late
Paleolithic period who inhabited the areas now known as the Czech and Slovak
republics and southern Russia. To withstand the cold weather, Late Paleolithic hunter
groups made clothes from sewn skins. Mammoths elephantine creatures now
extinct were hunted during this time period and houses were constructed out of
mammoth ribs (which were used as roof supports) covered with mammoth hides.
There are also traces of Late Paleolithic people having used the limestone caves of
Western Europe as shelters.
All in all, Late Paleolithic life must have been bare, hard and cruel, with all the
energies of the members of society being put almost entirely into survival. The
transient nature of society at this time was the primary cause of the lack of any great
fixed settlements this would be a development that would come with the
establishment of agriculture, a feature of the time period after 10,000 BC.
Vocabulary work
Read and memorize the following words and expressions, suggest their
Russian equivalents:
LIST OF PROPER NAMES
The Ice Age
Neanderthal man
Cro-Magnon man
The Near East
                                            4
It was also this period which produced, across Europe, a number of
voluptuous female figure forms which have become known as “primitive Venuses”.
It is speculated that these figurines are fertility symbols.

Azilian Art – First Writing? – 7000 BC
Perhaps the greatest difficulty of studying people of the Late Paleolithic Age is
that they left no written records of their achievements – only paintings on rock walls.
One of the best preserved examples is also the most intriguing – the rock
painting found in caves of Mes d’Azil in southern France. Here stones were found
with what appears to be writing on them – although they have never been deciphered.
If they are indeed writing, then they might be the first and the oldest form of written
communication in the world.

Earliest Houses – circa 30,000 BC
The earliest remains of buildings date from the time of the hunters of the Late
Paleolithic period who inhabited the areas now known as the Czech and Slovak
republics and southern Russia. To withstand the cold weather, Late Paleolithic hunter
groups made clothes from sewn skins. Mammoths – elephantine creatures now
extinct – were hunted during this time period and houses were constructed out of
mammoth ribs (which were used as roof supports) covered with mammoth hides.
There are also traces of Late Paleolithic people having used the limestone caves of
Western Europe as shelters.

All in all, Late Paleolithic life must have been bare, hard and cruel, with all the
energies of the members of society being put almost entirely into survival. The
transient nature of society at this time was the primary cause of the lack of any great
fixed settlements – this would be a development that would come with the
establishment of agriculture, a feature of the time period after 10,000 BC.

Vocabulary work

Read and memorize the following words and expressions, suggest their
Russian equivalents:

LIST OF PROPER NAMES

The Ice Age
Neanderthal man
Cro-Magnon man
The Near East