Иностранный язык: Контрольные работы по английскому языку для студентов 1-2 курса заочного отделения исторического факультета. Мартемьянова Н.В - 14 стр.


I. Тема: Great Britain.
II. Грамматический материал.
1. Степени сравнения имён прилагательных.
2. Present Perfect Tense.
3. Past Perfect Tense.
4. Passive Voice (Present, Past, Future Indefinite).
5. Infinitive (инфинитив ).
6. Gerund (герундий).
I.1. Прочитайте и переведите текст.
Great Britain
Great Britain is an island lying off the north-western coastline of Europe. The
English Channel separates it from the mainland in the south. The Strait of Dover, 18
miles wide, divides it from France. Great Britain is separated from Belgium and
Holland by the North Sea, and from Ireland by the Irish Sea.
The official name of Great Britain is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Northern Ireland. Great Britain is the name of the major island of the United including
England, Scotland and Wales; the United Kingdom, or the UK comprises Great Britain
and Northern Ireland.
The UK is often referred to as Great Britain or the British Isles. It is an island state
consisting of more than 5000 large and small islands, the most important being the Isle
of Man and the isle of Wight. England is a part of the island of Great Britain; the
Cheviot Hills and the river Tweed divide it from Scotland.
No part of Great Britain lies more than one hundred miles from the coast. The
coastline is broken and has a few bays and excellent natural harbours. Internationally
famous ports include London, Bristol, Southampton, Portsmouth, Dover and others.
Geographically the island of Great Britain is subdivided into two main regions:
Lowland Britain and Highland Britain. The highest mountain Ben Nevis (1343) is in
Scotland; the highest peak in Wales is Snowdon (1085).
The greater part of the land is flat. There are plenty of short rivers in Great Britain;
the Severn is the longest one, while the Thames is the deepest and the most important
Due to the influence of the Gulf Stream, a warm ocean current washing Britains
western shores, the UK enjoys warmer winters and cooler summers than other countries
at the same latitude.
There is much rain and fog in England. October is usually the wettest month, July is
the hottest and January is the coldest one. All over the world Britain is notorious for its
fogs. For many centuries, during the cold time of the year the English people have been
using coal in their fireplaces in private houses, though smoke from factories contributed
a great deal to the trouble too. That kind of fog and smoke English people used to call