# Иностранный язык. Мартемьянова Н.В - 34 стр.

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• ## Иностранный язык

34
a trace. The ruins of ancient buildings and of graves remain. In them clothing, utensils,
weapons and other things are found. To learn how
people lived long ago these things have to be dug up and studied.
B. What instruments do archaeologists need for their work?
A. Archaeology involves skilled and laborious work. So they use different machines, then
spades and picks. In places where machines and spades are found too big, smaller tools like
knives, pincers and brushes are used.
B. As far as I've understood the data of archaeological research is used to reconstruct various
social and economic periods of history for which no written sources exist.
A. Good for you. Now you know what archaeology deals with.
B. Thanks a lot.
A. You're welcome.
Vocabulary:
to carry on - проводить
end - зд. цель
to be concerned - быть заинтересованным
primarily - главным образом
to appear - появляться
to involve - зд. включать в себя
skilled - опытный, квалифицированный
laborious - трудный, трудоемкий
Archaeological terms:
to worship - поклоняться
ancestor - предок
to vanish - исчезать
trace - след
grave - могила
utensils . - утварь
to dig up - рыть, копать
pick - кирка
pincers - щипцы , пинцет
data ['delta] - данные, факты
research - научное исследование
1. How does the study of the remnants of the past help archaeologists in their work?
2. In what way does the work of archaeologists differ from that of historians?
3. Do you know what stages of excavations are and what archaeologists need for their work.
4. What do you think of this profession? Isn't it a romantic one?
5. What is a short definition of archaeology as a science?
V. Read the text, put in the correct articles, and say:
1) whether you know the meaning of the word "Stonehenge";
2) what this monument was used for (give your reasons);
3) if Stonehenge is still a mystery to scholars (give your reasons).
TEXT 9
I Read and translate the text with the help of the dictionary.
                                               34

a trace. The ruins of ancient buildings and of graves remain. In them clothing, utensils,
weapons and other things are found. To learn how
people lived long ago these things have to be dug up and studied.
B. What instruments do archaeologists need for their work?
A. Archaeology involves skilled and laborious work. So they use different machines, then
spades and picks. In places where machines and spades are found too big, smaller tools like
knives, pincers and brushes are used.
B. As far as I've understood the data of archaeological research is used to reconstruct various
social and economic periods of history for which no written sources exist.
A. Good for you. Now you know what archaeology deals with.
B. Thanks a lot.
A. You're welcome.

Vocabulary:
to carry on - проводить
end - зд. цель
to be concerned - быть заинтересованным
primarily - главным образом
to appear - появляться
to involve - зд. включать в себя
skilled - опытный, квалифицированный
laborious - трудный, трудоемкий
Archaeological terms:
to worship - поклоняться
ancestor - предок
to vanish - исчезать
trace - след
grave - могила
utensils . - утварь
to dig up - рыть, копать
pick - кирка
pincers - щипцы, пинцет
data ['delta] - данные, факты
research - научное исследование

1. How does the study of the remnants of the past help archaeologists in their work?
2. In what way does the work of archaeologists differ from that of historians?
3. Do you know what stages of excavations are and what archaeologists need for their work.
4. What do you think of this profession? Isn't it a romantic one?
5. What is a short definition of archaeology as a science?

V. Read the text, put in the correct articles, and say:
1) whether you know the meaning of the word "Stonehenge";
2) what this monument was used for (give your reasons);
3) if Stonehenge is still a mystery to scholars (give your reasons).