# Механика очага землятресения. Спецкурс. Воронина Е.В. - 16 стр.

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• ## Физика земли

14
τ=Λ ε
. (3.4)
Λ=
λµ .
ν
τ=λε +µε
, (3.5)
.
14

< h[s_f \b^_ aZ\bkbfhklv gZijy_gbc hl ^_nhjfZpbc \ujZZ_lky
aZdhghf =mdZ
τLM = Λ LMNO ε NO .                   (3.4)

>ey bahljhighc kj_^u ΛLMNO = FLMNO — kbff_ljbqguc l_gahj mijm]bo
dhgklZgl >ey h^ghjh^ghc b bahljhighc kj_^u agZqbfufb y\eyxlky lhev
dh  mijm]bo fh^mey λ µ — dhwnnbpb_glu EZf_.
GZ ih\_joghklb jZaju\Z \_dlhj gZijy_gbc 7L = τLM ν M  Z l_gahj
τLM = λε NN + µεLM ,                  (3.5)

]^_ i_j\uc qe_g hibku\Z_l ^beZlZpbhggh_ baf_g_gb_ h[t_fZ Z \lhjhc —
qbkluc k^\b]
Wg_j]by a_fe_ljyk_gby hij_^_ey_l khklhygb_ kj_^u ^h a_fe_ljyk_
gby b ihke_ g_]h gh g_ ijhp_kk \kiZju\Zgby HgZ g_ k\yaZgZ g_ihkj_^kl
\_ggh k l_dlhgbq_kdbfb kbeZfb \ j_]bhg_ g_ hij_^_ey_l ^bgZfbdm \kiZ
ju\Zgby b ihl_jb wg_j]bb gZ l_ieh \ hqZ]h\hc ahg_

E_dpby   

H;J:LG:Y A:>:Q: L?HJBB HQ:=:
Bklhqgbdhf bgnhjfZpbb h ijhp_kkZo \ hqZ]Zo a_fe_ljyk_gbc y\ey
xlky baemqZ_fu_ bf k_ckfbq_kdb_ \hegu Qlh[u \hkihevah\Zlvky wlhc
bgnhjfZpb_c g_h[oh^bfh mklZgh\blv dZdbf h[jZahf oZjZdl_jbklbdb
k_ckfbq_kdh]h baemq_gby k\yaZgu k iZjZf_ljZfb hqZ]Z Wlh y\ey_lky
ij_^f_lhf h[jZlghc aZ^Zqb IjyfZy aZ^ZqZ gZijhlb\ ih ijhp_kkZf \ hqZ
]_ hij_^_ey_l k_ckfbq_kdh_ baemq_gb_
J_r_gb_ h[jZlghc aZ^Zqb g_dhjj_dlgh Nhjfmebjh\dZ __ kljhblky
gZ hkgh\_ f_oZgbdb jZajmr_gbc dhlhjZy iha\hey_l \uykgblv nbabq_kdbc
kfuke g_dhlhjuo ijhp_kkh\ \ hqZ]_ b k^_eZlv \u\h^u h _]h oZjZdl_jguo
hkh[_gghklyo H^gZdh ^bgZfbq_kdZy aZ^ZqZ l_hjbb hqZ]Z \ h[s_f \b    

^_ g_ jZaj_rbfZ.
Dbg_fZlbq_kdh_ hibkZgb_ jZaju\Z ih^jZamf_\Z_l aZ^Zgb_ \_dlhjZ
kdZqdZ kf_s_gbc gZ jZaju\_ dZd nmgdpbb dhhj^bgZl b \j_f_gb Wlh ih
a\hey_l ihkljhblv h[s__ j_r_gb_ ijyfhc aZ^Zqb lh _klv aZ^Zqb h[ baem
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