# Theoretical English Grammar. Part 2. Syntax. Бочарова М.В. - 12 стр.

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• ## Иностранный язык

Locative S. indicates place
etc.
o THE PREDICATE:
– gives a predicative characteristic of the Subject (i.e. one which is attributed to
it at the moment of speech),
– occupies the position after the Subject.
– is expressed by a verb or verb group.
o The verb phase in the predicative function is the central element in each sen-
tence / clause, as its valency controls the kind of elements that co-occur in the
sentence (also see below).
o Structural types of the Predicate.
1. The Simple Pr 2. The Compound Pr
– is expressed by a
finite verb
2a. The Compound Nominal Pr =
Link V + Predicative (i.e. Complement = a Nominal part
2b. The Compound Verbal Pr =
a Modal / Phase verb + Non-Finite verb form
3. The Double Pr = Notional verb + a nominal word:
– gives 2 semantic characteristics of the S at the same time.
o THE OBJECT:
– denotes a (usu passive) participant of the situation other than the one named
by the Subject,
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– Locative S. indicates place
etc.

o THE PREDICATE:
– gives a predicative characteristic of the Subject (i.e. one which is attributed to
it at the moment of speech),
– occupies the position after the Subject.
– is expressed by a verb or verb group.

o The verb phase in the predicative function is the central element in each sen-
tence / clause, as its valency controls the kind of elements that co-occur in the
sentence (also see below).

o Structural types of the Predicate.

1. The Simple Pr                           2. The Compound Pr
– is expressed by a    2a. The Compound Nominal Pr =
finite verb            Link V + Predicative (i.e. Complement = a Nominal part

2b. The Compound Verbal Pr =
a Modal / Phase verb + Non-Finite verb form

3. The Double Pr = Notional verb + a nominal word:
– gives 2 semantic characteristics of the S at the same time.

o THE OBJECT:
– denotes a (usu passive) participant of the situation other than the one named
by the Subject,
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