Theoretical phonetics. Study guide for second year students. Борискина О.О - 12 стр.

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12
4. daily ________________ 9. themselves____________
5. cats _________________ 10.reflex_______________
Exercise I-D
For each word that you hear, please write down the sequence of phonemes
according to whether they are consonants or vowels. The standard convention
for writing consonant is a capital C, and for writing vowel, capital V. Two
examples have been done.
Example 1: pray – CCV
The sequence of phonemes is CONSONANT, CONSONANT, VOWEL
1._________________ 6._________________
2._________________ 7._________________
3._________________ 8._________________
4._________________ 9._________________
5._________________ 10.________________
Exercise 1-Е
Contrastive
Distribution
Complementary
Distribution
Example 1: The initial consonant of dime
and the initial consonant of time
v
Example 2: The initial consonant of top
and the second consonant of stop
v
1. The final consonant of blot and the final
consonant of block
.
2. The initial consonant of gin and the
second consonant of spin.
3. The initial consonant of tell and the
medial consonant of letter
.
4. The final consonant of sin and the final
consonant of sing
5. The initial consonant of dare and the
initial consonant of there
.
6. The initial consonant of lift and the final
consonant of fool.
On the tape, you will hear pairs of sounds referred to in pairs of words. Please
indicate whether you think these sounds are in contrastive or complementary
distribution in English by putting a check mark in the appropriate column.
Exercise I-F
After each item number, there are several phonemes in Alternative IPA symbols.
The vowel symbols have already been ticked. Listen to the word that is
pronounced on the tape. Write the word down, and then circle all the consonant
                                      12
4. daily ________________            9. themselves____________
5. cats _________________            10.reflex_______________

Exercise I-D
For each word that you hear, please write down the sequence of phonemes
according to whether they are consonants or vowels. The standard convention
for writing consonant is a capital C, and for writing vowel, capital V. Two
examples have been done.
Example 1: pray  CCV
The sequence of phonemes is CONSONANT, CONSONANT, VOWEL
1._________________           6._________________
2._________________           7._________________
3._________________           8._________________
4._________________           9._________________
5._________________           10.________________

Exercise 1-Е
Contrastive    Complementary
Distribution    Distribution
Example 1: The initial consonant of dime
v
and the initial consonant of time
Example 2: The initial consonant of top
v
and the second consonant of stop
1. The final consonant of blot and the final
consonant of block.
2. The initial consonant of gin and the
second consonant of spin.
3. The initial consonant of tell and the
medial consonant of letter.
4. The final consonant of sin and the final
consonant of sing
5. The initial consonant of dare and the
initial consonant of there.
6. The initial consonant of lift and the final
consonant of fool.
On the tape, you will hear pairs of sounds referred to in pairs of words. Please
indicate whether you think these sounds are in contrastive or complementary
distribution in English by putting a check mark in the appropriate column.

Exercise I-F
After each item number, there are several phonemes in Alternative IPA symbols.
The vowel symbols have already been ticked. Listen to the word that is
pronounced on the tape. Write the word down, and then circle all the consonant