# Writing. Part 2. Домбровская И.В - 59 стр.

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57
Note:
a. a comma precedes or ends Direct Speech.
b. when used, question marks or exclamation marks referring to the
Direct Speech are placed inside the quotation marks.
c. double quotation marks are usually for Direct Speech, although single
ones may be used.
d. a word or a phrase requiring inverted commas and which is used
within Direct Speech will have single inverted commas inside the
double ones indicating the speech.
Parentheses / Brackets [ ( ) ]
Parentheses or Brackets are used:
a. to separate any additional information or a comment from the rest of
the sentence. e.g. Alexander Barclay (a famous English poet) wrote
The Ships of Fool in 1509.
b. to enclose references, numbers or letters in a text. e.g. The route taken
by earlier explorers was through a rough mountain range (see map
on p. 195). Two ways to stay fit are (1) to exercise regularly and (1)
to eat healthy meals.
Punctuation in the Direct Speech
We capitalise the first word of a quoted sentence. The full stop, the
question mark, the exclamation mark and the comma come outside the inverted
commas only when he said/asked precedes the quoted sentence. He has just
left, she said. She said, He had just left. He, she said, has just left. We
do not use a comma after the question mark. Can I go now? he asked. but: He
- when the subject is a pronoun, it comes before the reporting verb
(said, asked etc) but when the subject is a noun, it often comes after
said , asked, etc at the end or in the middle of the quoted sentence.
She typed the letters, he said. She typed the letters, said George.
She, said George, typed the letters. But: He/George said, she
typed the letters. (not: Said George, she typed the letters.)
- each time the speaker changes, we normally start a new paragraph.
                                        57

Note:
a. a comma precedes or ends Direct Speech.

b. when used, question marks or exclamation marks referring to the
Direct Speech are placed inside the quotation marks.
c. double quotation marks are usually for Direct Speech, although single
ones may be used.
d. a word or a phrase requiring inverted commas and which is used
within Direct Speech will have single inverted commas inside the
double ones indicating the speech.

Parentheses / Brackets [ ( ) ]
Parentheses or Brackets are used:
a. to separate any additional information or a comment from the rest of
the sentence. e.g. Alexander Barclay (a famous English poet) wrote
The Ships of Fool in 1509.
b. to enclose references, numbers or letters in a text. e.g. The route taken
by earlier explorers was through a rough mountain range (see map
on p. 195). Two ways to stay fit are (1) to exercise regularly and (1)
to eat healthy meals.

Punctuation in the Direct Speech
We capitalise the first word of a quoted sentence. The full stop, the
question mark, the exclamation mark and the comma come outside the inverted
commas only when “ he said/asked” precedes the quoted sentence. “He has just
left,” she said. She said, “He had just left.” “He,” she said, “has just left.” We
do not use a comma after the question mark. “Can I go now?” he asked. but: He