# Welcome to the computer world. Practice materials for 1st year students. Еранина Т.И - 27 стр.

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7) How many are types of data?
8) What is physical data?
Task 3. Decide whether the following statements are true or false in
relation to the information in the text:
1)Arithmetic operations are operations with numbers — subtraction and
division.
2) Early computers gave false impression about their capabilities.
3) Logical operations are computer's ability to com-pare two values.
4) The major difference between the computer and tools lies in the
flexibility of the program.
5) Embedded computers are found only in typewriters and ovens.
6) Microwave oven's program is flexible and could be changed because
of the embedded computer.
7) Numeric data consist of numbers, decimal points and the (+) and (-)
signs.
8) Computer can accept human speech as an audio-visual input data.
Task 4. Match the given words with their definitions using the vocabulary:
1) Software
2) Arithmetic operation
3) Logical operation
4) Numeric data
5) Textual data
6) Physical data
7) Audio-visual data
Task 5. Fill in the gaps using the words below:
1) ... are computations with numbers such as addition, subtraction, and
other mathematical procedures.
2) The computers ability to compare two values to determine if one is
larger than, smaller than, or equal to the other is called a ...
1) New tools ranging from typewriters to microwave ovens have
embedded computers, or ... computers
2) An ... can accept data to use several options in it's program, but the
program itself cannot be changed.
3) ... can be used for calculations as well as sorted and compared to
each other.
4) ... can contain any combination of letters, numbers and special
characters.
                                      27

7) How many are types of data?
8) What is physical data?

Task 3. Decide whether the following statements are true or false in
relation to the information in the text:

1)Arithmetic operations are operations with numbers  subtraction and
division.
2) Early computers gave false impression about their capabilities.
3) Logical operations are computer's ability to com-pare two values.
4) The major difference between the computer and tools lies in the
flexibility of the program.
5) Embedded computers are found only in typewriters and ovens.
6) Microwave oven's program is flexible and could be changed because
of the embedded computer.
7) Numeric data consist of numbers, decimal points and the (+) and (-)
signs.
8) Computer can accept human speech as an audio-visual input data.

Task 4. Match the given words with their definitions using the vocabulary:

1) Software
2) Arithmetic operation
3) Logical operation
4) Numeric data
5) Textual data
6) Physical data
7) Audio-visual data

Task 5. Fill in the gaps using the words below:

1) ... are computations with numbers such as addition, subtraction, and
other mathematical procedures.
2) The computers ability to compare two values to determine if one is
larger than, smaller than, or equal to the other is called a ...
1) New tools ranging from typewriters to microwave ovens have
embedded computers, or ... computers
2) An ... can accept data to use several options in it's program, but the
program itself cannot be changed.
3) ... can be used for calculations as well as sorted and compared to
each other.
4) ... can contain any combination of letters, numbers and special
characters.