# Английский язык. Ильичева Н.А - 54 стр.

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54
since (starting point)
e.g. I have been in Rome since last week.
We have been building the house since last summer.
lately / recently
e.g. Have you seen any good film lately / recently?
She has been going out a lot lately / recently.
Unit III
Past Simple Past Continuous
Past Simple
Form
I / He / She / It / We / You / They
worked / came.
Did she work / come? Yes, she did. /
No, she didnt.
She did not work / come.
Use
The past simple is used:
a) for an action which started and
finished in the past at a stated time.
I met my friends for lunch last
Monday.
b) for past actions which happened
immediately one after the other.
He slipped, fell over and broke his
ankle.
c) for past habits or states which are
now finished.
In prehistoric times people used to live
/ lived in caves.
d) for actions describing events from
the lives of people who are no
longer alive.
Shakespeare wrote a lot of plays.
The past simple is used with the
following time expressions: yesterday
/ last night / week / Monday, etc., two
days / months, etc. ago, then, when,
How long ago? In 1992, etc.
Past Continuous
Form
I / He / She / It was / We / you / They
were working.
Was he / Were they working?
Yes, he was. / No, they were not.
He was not / They were not working.
Use
The past continuous is used for:
a) for an action which was in progress
at a stated time in the past.
At 8 oclock last night she was
watching TV.
b) for an action which was in progress
when another action interrupted it.
He was painting the bedroom when
suddenly he fell off the ladder.
c) for two or more simultaneous past
actions.
They were dancing while he was
playing the guitar.
d) for actions describing background
information in a story.
Todd and Emily were riding through
the forest. The sun was shining and
the birds were singing.
The past continuous is used with the
following time expressions: when,
while, as, all day / night / morning,
etc.
                                              54

since (starting point)
e.g. I have been in Rome since last week.
We have been building the house since last summer.
lately / recently
e.g. Have you seen any good film lately / recently?
She has been going out a lot lately / recently.

Unit III
Past Simple                                    Past Continuous

Past Simple                                    Past Continuous
Form                                               Form
I / He / She / It / We / You / They                I / He / She / It was / We / you / They
worked / came.                                     were working.
Did she work / come? Yes, she did. /               Was he / Were they working?
No, she didn’t.                                    Yes, he was. / No, they were not.
She did not work / come.                           He was not / They were not working.

Use                                                Use
The past simple is used:                           The past continuous is used for:
a) for an action which started and                 a) for an action which was in progress
finished in the past at a stated time.            at a stated time in the past.
I met my friends for lunch last                    At 8 o’clock last night she was
Monday.                                            watching TV.
b) for past actions which happened                 b) for an action which was in progress
immediately one after the other.                  when another action interrupted it.
He slipped, fell over and broke his                He was painting the bedroom when
ankle.                                             suddenly he fell off the ladder.
c) for past habits or states which are             c) for two or more simultaneous past
now finished.                                     actions.
In prehistoric times people used to live           They were dancing while he was
/ lived in caves.                                  playing the guitar.
d) for actions describing events from              d) for actions describing background
the lives of people who are no                    information in a story.
longer alive.                                 Todd and Emily were riding through
Shakespeare wrote a lot of plays.                  the forest. The sun was shining and
the birds were singing.
The past simple is used with the                   The past continuous is used with the
following time expressions: yesterday              following time expressions: when,
/ last night / week / Monday, etc., two            while, as, all day / night / morning,
days / months, etc. ago, then, when,               etc.
How long ago? In 1992, etc.