# Английский язык. Ильичева Н.А - 56 стр.

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56
I / We / They / He will call.
Will he / they call? Yes, he will. / No,
they wont.
I/ We/ They / He will not (wont) call.
The future simple is used:
a) for actions or predictions which
may or may not happen in the
future with the verbs think,
believe, expect, etc, and the
He will probably arrive next week.
b) for decisions taken at the moment
of speaking (on-the-spot decisions).
c) for threats, warnings, promises.
Stop or Ill shoot.
Put on your coat or youll catch cold.
Ill write to you every day, I promise.
Present Simple
Present Simple is used with future
meaning when we refer to programs or
timetables.
The film starts in ten minutes.
I am / You are / She is going to come.
Are you / Is she going to come? Yes, I
am. / No, she isnt.
You are not / She is not going to
come.
Be going to is used:
a) for plans or intentions.
Im going to repaint the kitchen next
month.
b) in predictions when there is
evidence that something will
happen in the near future.
Watch out! Were going to have an
accident. (We can see a car coming).
Present Continuous
Present Continuous is used for fixed
arrangements in the near future.
Im flying to London tomorrow.
Note: the future simple is not used after while, before, until, as soon as, after,
if, by the time, when. We use the present simple or present perfect instead.
e.g. He will fix the tap as soon as he comes form work. When can be
followed by the future simple if it is used as a question word.
e.g. When will you return? I dont know when she will be back.
Future Perfect
Form
He / She / They will have returned.
Will she / he / they have returned?
Yes, he / she / they will. / No, he / she
/ they wont.
He / She / They will not have
returned.
Use
The future perfect is used for an action
which will be finished before a certain
Future Perfect Continuous
Form
I /You / We will have been reading.
Will I / You / We have been reading?
Yes, I / we will. / No, I / we wont.
I / You / We will not have been
Use
The future perfect continuous is used
to emphasize the duration of an action
                                           56

I / We / They / He will call.                   I am / You are / She is going to come.
Will he / they call? Yes, he will. / No,        Are you / Is she going to come? Yes, I
they won’t.                                     am. / No, she isn’t.
I/ We/ They / He will not (won’t) call.         You are not / She is not going to
come.
The future simple is used:                      Be going to is used:
a) for actions or predictions which             a) for plans or intentions.
may or may not happen in the                I’m going to repaint the kitchen next
future with the verbs think,                month.
believe, expect, etc, and the               b) in predictions when there is
adverbs perhaps, probably, etc.                evidence that something will
He will probably arrive next week.                 happen in the near future.
b) for decisions taken at the moment            Watch out! We’re going to have an
of speaking (on-the-spot decisions).        accident. (We can see a car coming).
c) for threats, warnings, promises.
Stop or I’ll shoot.
Put on your coat or you’ll catch cold.
I’ll write to you every day, I promise.

Present Simple                     Present Continuous
Present Simple is used with future
meaning when we refer to programs or Present Continuous is used for fixed
timetables.                          arrangements in the near future.
The film starts in ten minutes.      I’m flying to London tomorrow.

Note: the future simple is not used after while, before, until, as soon as, after,
if, by the time, when. We use the present simple or present perfect instead.
e.g. He will fix the tap as soon as he comes form work. “When” can be
followed by the future simple if it is used as a question word.
e.g. When will you return? I don’t know when she will be back.
Future Perfect                      Future Perfect Continuous
Form                                       Form
He / She / They will have returned.        I /You / We will have been reading.
Will she / he / they have returned?        Will I / You / We have been reading?
Yes, he / she / they will. / No, he / she Yes, I / we will. / No, I / we won’t.
/ they won’t.                              I / You / We will not have been
He / She / They will not have reading.
returned.

Use                                      Use
The future perfect is used for an action The future perfect continuous is used
which will be finished before a certain to emphasize the duration of an action