Иностранный язык: Контрольные работы по английскому языку для студентов 1-2 курса заочного отделения исторического факультета. Мартемьянова Н.В - 17 стр.


I. Тема: The USA.
II. Грамматический материал.
1. Действительный залог (Active Voice) формы Indefinite (Present, Past,
Future); формы Perfect (Present, Past) (повторение ).
2. Present Continuous Tense.
3. Past Continuous Tense.
4. Future Continuous Tense.
5. Страдательный залог (Passive Voice) формы Indefinite (Present, Past,
Future) (повторение ); формы Continuous (Present, Past); формы Perfect (Present,
6. Conditional Sentences (Условные предложения).
7. Сложноподчиненные предложения, придаточные обстоятельственные
предложения времени, условия и причины .
I.1. Прочитайте и переведите текст.
The USA.
1. The United States of America lies in the central part of the North American
Continent with the Atlantic Ocean to the East, the Pacific Ocean to the West, Canada to
the North and Mexico and the Gulf of Mexico to the South.
2. The USA covers the area of 3,000,000 square miles. The population of the
country is 250 million people.
3. The climate of the country is varied. One can find high mountains and prairies,
tropical heat and arctic cold, valleys and deserts because the country occupies nearly
half of the continent.
4. The USA is a highly developed industrial country. The main branches of industry
are electronic, electrical, metallurgical, textile, chemical and many others. The largest
cities of the USA are New York, Los Angeles, Chicago and others.
5. The USA is a federation of 50 states which was established by the Constitution in
6. The Government in the USA is divided into three separate branches. This
division if power is based on the belief that if any one part of government has all, or
even most of the power, it will be a threat to the freedom of individual citizens.
7. The legislative branch of the government is called Congress. The second
executive branch has the responsibility to carry out the law, it is headed by the
8. The Supreme Court and lower national courts make up the third or judicial
9. If any one of the three branches starts to abuse its power, the other two will join
together against it to stop it.
10. The President and the Congress have almost complete political independence
from each other because they are both chosen in separate elections. For example, the