# Перевод в сфере юриспруденции - 24 стр.

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• ## Иностранный язык

24
CHAPTER 4. CIVIL LAW
Task 1. Read the text and explain the meaning of the word tort. Give a
Russian equivalent of this word. Translate tort law and tortfeaser
(committer of tort).
Many wrongs in the society are neither punished as crimes nor remedied
as breaches of contract. Suppose a workman accidentally drops a brick on my
head when I am walking past the construction site, or suppose a neighbor's
bonfire gets out of control and damages my house. In either case, there is no
contract between me and the other party and it is unlikely anyone will be
prosecuted for a crime unless intention or recklessness can be shown. In order to
get compensation for such injury or damage, my best course will probably be an
action in the law of torts.
The concept of tort a wrongful act among private individuals exists in
most modern systems of law. The word itself means "wrongful" in French, but is
used in the mostly English-speaking common law traditions.
Task 2. Translate the names of the following torts.
Trespass
Nuisance
Negligence
Defamation
Task 3. Read the text and compare two translations. What mistakes were
made by the translators? Correct the mistakes.
There are also important differences between the law of tort and the law
of contract. For example, even if a person suffers directly from someone else's
breach of contract, he does not have the capacity to sue in contract unless he was
a party to the contract (there are a few special exceptions). But he may be able to
show that the breach represents a tort committed against him. In general, almost
anyone may sue or be sued in tort a child, someone who is mentally sick, even
someone who has died. In such cases, the action will be conducted in or against
their name by another authorized person. However, in some torts there are
specific rules about who may sue or be sued. The occupier of an apartment, for
example, may sue in the tort of nuisance if he is injured by broken glass falling
from his neighbor's apartment. But if a visitor is also injured he has no right
under this tort and would have to seek another action, such as in the tort of
negligence (breach of a legal duty care).
Существует множество важных различий между деликтным и
договорным правом . Например, даже если лицо способствует
                                        24

CHAPTER 4. CIVIL LAW

Task 1. Read the text and explain the meaning of the word “tort”. Give a
Russian equivalent of this word. Translate “tort law” and “tortfeaser
(committer of tort)”.

Many wrongs in the society are neither punished as crimes nor remedied
as breaches of contract. Suppose a workman accidentally drops a brick on my
head when I am walking past the construction site, or suppose a neighbor's
bonfire gets out of control and damages my house. In either case, there is no
contract between me and the other party and it is unlikely anyone will be
prosecuted for a crime unless intention or recklessness can be shown. In order to
get compensation for such injury or damage, my best course will probably be an
action in the law of torts.
The concept of tort – a wrongful act among private individuals – exists in
most modern systems of law. The word itself means "wrongful" in French, but is
used in the mostly English-speaking common law traditions.

Task 2. Translate the names of the following torts.

Trespass
Nuisance
Negligence
Defamation

Task 3. Read the text and compare two translations. What mistakes were
made by the translators? Correct the mistakes.

There are also important differences between the law of tort and the law
of contract. For example, even if a person suffers directly from someone else's
breach of contract, he does not have the capacity to sue in contract unless he was
a party to the contract (there are a few special exceptions). But he may be able to
show that the breach represents a tort committed against him. In general, almost
anyone may sue or be sued in tort – a child, someone who is mentally sick, even
someone who has died. In such cases, the action will be conducted in or against
their name by another authorized person. However, in some torts there are
specific rules about who may sue or be sued. The occupier of an apartment, for
example, may sue in the tort of nuisance if he is injured by broken glass falling
from his neighbor's apartment. But if a visitor is also injured he has no right
under this tort and would have to seek another action, such as in the tort of
negligence (breach of a legal duty care).

Существует множество важных различий между деликтным и
договорным правом. Например, даже если лицо способствует