Иностранный язык: Контрольные работы по английскому языку для студентов 4 курса специальности 020700 - "История". Мартемьянова Н.В. - 9 стр.



William I (to know) that England always (to be) famous for its wool. He (to hope)
that the skilled workers he (to invite) from the mainland (to help) develop
industries in English towns. The merchants (to become) the richest class in towns.
In the countryside the gentleman farmers and the freeman farmers became the
wealthy class who (to produce) most of the corn and other foods.
King John (to sign) Magna Carta which (to write) by the nobles and (to contain)
some limitations to the kings power. The committee that the barons (to establish)
(to be) to make sure that John (to keep) his promise.
7. Change the following sentences to passive.
The Tudors rarely assembled Parliament. But they did not dissolve the House of
Commons as they needed the money of the merchants and landowners. And the
latter supported the Tudor monarchs.
The first Stuarts absolutely ignored Parliament. The parliamentary forces defeated
Charles I. They tried and executed him. They restored the monarchy after
Cromwells death. But Parliament secured its supremacy over the monarch in the
Bill of Rights, which the king accepted. During the seventeenth century they
transformed the absolute monarchy in Britain into a parliamentary monarchy.
People consider Britain to be the Mother of Parliaments.
8. Write questions to these answers.
1. It was produced by the merchants and landowning farmers.
2. Only these classes could do it.
3. Because the Charter gave certain rights to all freemen and contained certain
limitations to the royal power.
4. No, it wasnt. It was only called parliament/
5. Because many of its members were chosen by towns and shires.
6. Because this chamber consisted of the representatives of common people.
9. Summarize the text according to the following suggestions.
1. The revival of towns in the Middle Ages.
2. The new wealthy classes in town and country.
3. The barons first challenge to the kings absolute power.
4. The Great Charter: a symbol of political freedom.
5. Simon de Montforts council: a first step towards parliamentary principle.
6. Edward Is Model Parliament.
7. Its division into two separate chambers.