Иностранный язык: Контрольные работы по английскому языку для студентов 3 курса специальности 020700 - "История". Мартемьянова Н.В. - 11 стр.



4. After William of Orange and Mary had been declared king and queen,
Parliament added to the laws of the constitution. The Triennial Act, 1694, obliged
the king to summon Parliament at least every three years. The Act of Settlement,
1701, included rules which, had they not become a dead letter, would have made
government chaotic and strangled cabinet government, as the British were to know
it, in its cradle.
5.No person who had an office or place of profit under the king could serve as a
member of the House of Commons. All matters relating to the governing of the
kingdom which were the responsibility of the Privy Council were to be transacted
there, and all resolutions taken thereupon were to be signed by the individual
6. This would have involved a subordination of the administration to the
legislature which would have made impossible development of a cabinet system by
which the servants of the king exercise his prerogatives the essential executive
powers on which the life of the state depends because they are members of the
House of Commons and are supported by a majority of it in the implementation of
a policy approved by the country, if necessary at a general election.
7. The Septennial Act, 1715, increased the normal term of Parliaments
existence from three to seven years and made it possible for the government in
office to nurse the constituencies on which its power depended.
8. Looking back, we can see that in the eighteenth century Britain collaboration
between the kings ministers and the representatives of his people was a better
instrument of government than the uncontrolled power of a legislature or
continuous friction between an independent royal executive and an irresponsible
Грамматика : Неличные формы глагола
Инфинитив (The Infinitive)
Формы инфинитива
Indefinite Continuous Perfect
Active to write to be writing to have written
Passive to be written - to have been
П р и м е ч а н и я : Частица to не ставится 1) после модальных глаголов
must, can/could, may/might, need; 2) после глаголов : to make заставлять; to
let разрешать; 3) после выражений : had better - лучше бы ; would rather,
would sooner предпочел бы .