# Фрагменты когнитивной психологии. Бабушкин А.П. - 21 стр.

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21
Second, events that are irrelevant to the purpose of the script (such as the colour of the
waiter’s shoes) should be poorly remember. Both of these predictions were verified.
Further on, the idea of scripts was refined. Most of life is not governed by pre-
determined, over-learned sequences such as is encapsulated in a script. Knowledge
structures need to be flexible. Scenes turned out to be organized into memory
organization packets or MOPs, which are all linked by being related to a particular goal.
The most important thing about scripts is that they represent event schemas which
people use to reason about prototypical events.
6. Answer the following questions to the text:
1) Are scripts a special type of schema?
2) What do scripts represent?
3) What do scripts usually include?
4) Can you give two famous examples of scripts?
5) What events may be considered as obstacles or distractions?
6) Are all the details of any event included in a script?
7) In what way do people reason about prototypical events?
1) Scripts greatly differ from schemas.
2) Scripts include the most interesting events of a person’s life.
3) Scripts help us to draw inferences about what is explicitly mentioned.
4) In real life all events turn up that are not in the script.
5) Distractions that are in the way of the purpose of the script are less remembered.
6) The idea of scripts remains unchanged.
8. Develop the scripts of visiting a polyclinic, going to your friend’s birthday party,
taking an examination.
9. Think over some other rubrics of scripts.
10. Retell the text.
                                             21
Second, events that are irrelevant to the purpose of the script (such as the colour of the
waiter’s shoes) should be poorly remember. Both of these predictions were verified.
Further on, the idea of scripts was refined. Most of life is not governed by pre-
determined, over-learned sequences such as is encapsulated in a script. Knowledge
structures need to be flexible. Scenes turned out to be organized into memory
organization packets or MOPs, which are all linked by being related to a particular goal.
The most important thing about scripts is that they represent event schemas which
people use to reason about prototypical events.

6. Answer the following questions to the text:

1)   Are scripts a special type of schema?
2)   What do scripts represent?
3)   What do scripts usually include?
4)   Can you give two famous examples of scripts?
5)   What events may be considered as obstacles or distractions?
6)   Are all the details of any event included in a script?
7)   In what way do people reason about prototypical events?

1)   Scripts greatly differ from schemas.
2)   Scripts include the most interesting events of a person’s life.
3)   Scripts help us to draw inferences about what is explicitly mentioned.
4)   In real life all events turn up that are not in the script.
5)   Distractions that are in the way of the purpose of the script are less remembered.
6)   The idea of scripts remains unchanged.

8. Develop the scripts of visiting a polyclinic, going to your friend’s birthday party,
taking an examination.

9. Think over some other rubrics of scripts.

10. Retell the text.