# Theoretical English Grammar. Part 2. Syntax. Бочарова М.В. - 15 стр.

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tence actualisation which makes it an utterance). The category of Predication is
a combined expression of 3 sentence categories: Temporality, Modality, Per-
sonality.
2. Subordination, which has two functions:
2a. to complete the sentence by introducing other sentence constituents apart
from the Subject and the Predicate (Object etc.);
within (Attributes).
3. Coordination
ĺ homogeneous (parts of) sentence constituents are formed
OBLIGATORY AND OPTIONAL SENTENCE CONSTITUENTS
o Only the Subject and the Predicate are obligatory sentence constituents while
the others are optional.
o The main argument here is that no English sentence is grammatically correct
and complete without either the Subject (S) or the Predicate (Pr) whereas there
are correct sentences without Objects (O) or Adverbials (A).
o ĺ S + Pr form the predicative basis of the sentence, sometimes also called a
clause. If either of them is missing in speech, the utterance is elliptical.
2) Another approach takes into account not only grammatical correctness, but
also the following criteria:
– if the sentence is informatively and communicatively complete,
– if it makes sense
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tence actualisation which makes it an utterance). The category of Predication is
a combined expression of 3 sentence categories: Temporality, Modality, Per-
sonality.

2. Subordination, which has two functions:
2a. to complete the sentence by introducing other sentence constituents apart
from the Subject and the Predicate (Object etc.);
within (Attributes).

3. Coordination
� homogeneous (parts of) sentence constituents are formed

OBLIGATORY AND OPTIONAL SENTENCE CONSTITUENTS

o Only the Subject and the Predicate are obligatory sentence constituents while
the others are optional.

o The main argument here is that no English sentence is grammatically correct
and complete without either the Subject (S) or the Predicate (Pr) whereas there
are correct sentences without Objects (O) or Adverbials (A).

o � S + Pr form the predicative basis of the sentence, sometimes also called a
clause. If either of them is missing in speech, the utterance is elliptical.
2) Another approach takes into account not only grammatical correctness, but
also the following criteria:
– if the sentence is informatively and communicatively complete,
– if it makes sense
15