Иностранный язык: Контрольные работы по английскому языку для студентов 1-2 курса заочного отделения исторического факультета. Мартемьянова Н.В - 28 стр.


6. Britain attacks soaring mobile phone theft
Britain launches a crackdown on mobile phone crime with the creation of a special
police unit, amid concern that organized crime gangs are exporting stolen phones.
Half of all street crime in Britain now involves the theft of a mobile phone,
according to crime statistics. Nearly 200 are stolen in England and Wales every day,
mostly in London, and many are exported to Africa, Asia and continental Europe.
Mobile phone networks have made advances in anti-crime measures, with all
stolen phones now capable of being blocked for use in Britain, and though penalties
have been introduced for trying to reprogram phones. But exporting stolen handsets has
become a lucrative trade for criminals because they do not need to be reprogrammed for
use abroad. (665)
7. The vicious circle of AIDS and poverty
Tens of thousands of people have died in the last two years as drought has hit
southern Africa. These people were victims of food shortages. They were also victims
of HIV and AIDS. The drought killed so many people, particularly in Zambia,
Mozambique, Malawi and Zimbabwe, because the cruel nature of HIV disease means
that the most productive people die or are weakened just when society needs them most.
In the worst-affected regions of rural southern Africa, a third of pregnant women are
HIV positive.
A total of 42 million people around the world are living with HIV. More than two-
thirds of them live in Sub-Saharan Africa, where in the hardest hit countries one in three
adults have the virus. With 14,000 people infected every day worldwide, there are fears
that HIV will sweep through Asia too. HIV is spreading fastest in Central Asia and
Eastern Europe. The number of people affected, however, is small compared to that in
Africa. (814).
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1. No Indians of the fifteenth century had ever seen a white man until Columbus and his
companions came. White men had really visited America nearly five hundred years
before Columbus arrived.
2. About the year 1000 a strange ship came to the eastern coast of North America.
She was very long and had many oars, as well as a square sail. A fierce -looking
dragon decorated the prow. The men in the ship had long golden hair, blue eyes, and
fair skins. They were Norsemen.
3.The Norsemen, or Vikings, as they were called in their own country, had
always been daring sailors. Their searoving had led them to the discovery of Iceland,
and some Norsemen had gone to live there.
4. Leif was one of the Vikings. It was Leif who sailed south of Greenland, to the
eastern coast of North America. He noticed first a land covered with stones. He called