Иностранный язык: Контрольные работы по английскому языку для студентов 3-4 курса специальности 030401 - "История". Мартемьянова Н.В - 15 стр.


1. The 14
of April, 1865, was a tragic day in the history of the United States.
For on the evening of that day, President Lincoln went to Fords Theatre in
Washington to see a play which was popular at the time and never returned.
2. The theatre party for that evening had been planned by Mrs. Lincoln. The
President usually enjoyed going to the theatre and went very often but this
evening he had no wish to go. He had felt very tired all day and looked upset. He
finally decided to go, however, because it had been announced in the newspapers
that the President would be present at Fords Theatre.
3. The President and his party arrived at the theatre when the play had already
begun. When he appeared in the box, the audience greeted him with a storm of
applause and the performance was interrupted for a moment. Then the play went
on, and the President enjoyed it. He didnt know that his life was in danger.
4. At about ten oclock an actor named John Booth came into the theatre and
walked directly towards Lincolns box. He noiselessly opened the door, and
approaching the President so that his gun was only a short distance from his head,
calmly took aim and fired. The President fell forward in his chair. Booth
immediately jumped from the box to the stage.
5. The audience saw him to do this, but they thought that it was all part of the
play, when suddenly they heard a womans voice cry out:
6. The President has been killed. It was Mrs. Lincoln. Immediately a young
doctor from the audience hurried to the Presidents box. After he had examined
Lincoln, he said that the President had only a few hours to live.
7. Lincoln was lifted from his chair and carried to a house opposite the theatre,
where he remained until his death the next morning. When he died, one of the
people in the room at the said: Now he belongs to the ages.
8. These words have since become famous.
1. Alfred Nobel, the great Swedish inventor and industrialist, was a man of
contrasts. He was a son of a bankrupt, but became a millionaire; a scientist with a
love of literature, an industrialist who managed to remain idealist. He made a
fortune but lived a simple life, and although cheerful in company, he was often sad
in private. A lover of mankind, he never had a wife or family; a patriotic son of his
native land, he died alone on foreign soil.
2. He invented a new explosive, dynamite, to improve the peacetime industries
of mining and road building, but saw it used as a weapon of war to kill and injure
his fellow-men.
3. During his useful life he often felt he was useless. Alfred Nobel, he once
wrote of himself, ought to have been put to death by a kind doctor as soon as,
with a cry, he entered life. World famous for his work, he was never personally
well-known, for throughout his life he avoided publicity. I do not see, he once