Сборник технических текстов для домашнего чтения по английскому языку. Морозова М.А. - 33 стр.

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giving hands-on experience for day and night combat operations and in all-weather
conditions.
The MiG-AT is being developed and manufactured in the framework of an in-
ternational project that also involves French engine manufacturer Snecma, as well as
France's Thales Avionics. Creating a truly international industry team with world-
class partner companies increases the advanced trainer's prospects for export sales.
Also involved in the MiG-AT program are leading Russian aviation companies and
research centers, including GosNIIAS (responsible for integration of the avionics and
development of software), the TsAGI Central Aerohydrodynamics Institute, (aerody-
namic configuration development), MNPK Avionika (flight control system), Zvezda
(K-93 ejection seat), and the Gromov Flight Test Institute (flight tests).
The MiG-AT trainer incorporates a number of new features. In particular, it
marks the first time a Russian aircraft is equipped with a domestically built digital
fly-by-wire flight control system
1
. Until now, all Russian fly-by-wire flight control
systems have used analog computers, significantly limiting their / capacity and per-
formance. The application of a digital fly-by-wire flight control system on the MiG-
AT provides a very advanced platform for a weapons system of this category. The
MiG-AT's flight control system was developed by Moscow-based MNPK Avionika,
and is one of the core elements of the new generation trainer aircraft's development
effort. The flight control system is reprogrammable and can recreate handling quali-
ties of a variety of aircraft types ~ from highly agile fighters to heavy transports. As a
result, a single aircraft can be efficiently used for different categories of pilots, reduc-
ing training costs for both military and civil services. Another feature of the MiG-
AT's flight control system is its flight envelope protection, which prevents the trainer
from entering potentially dangerous maneuvers ~ thus increasing safety for new or
inexperienced pilots.
The MiG-AT is the first aircraft equipped with the unique lightweight Zvezda
K-93 ejection seat - an upgraded version of the internationally-known K-36 series of
ejections seats. The K-93 seat is qualified for zero-zero and inverted flight ejections ~
with the inverted ejection capability effective from heights above 50 meters. Zvezda
developed a minimal deployment time sequence for the seat, which includes ejec-
tion through the canopy. A pair of modular LARZAC 04R20 turbofans power the
MiG-AT. The engines deliver a thrust of 1,430 daN, and have been de-
signed and manufactured by France's Snecma. MiG-AT customers have the option of
selecting either the TopFlight avionics system from France's Thales Avionics or Rus-
sian-build equipment for use on the trainer. The aircraft's cockpit ergonomics
2
meet
the standards of next-generation fighter aircraft. Display systems in the cockpit use
full color LCD (liquid crystal display) instruments. Flight controls were designed
with the HOTAS concept (hands on throttle and stick) operating concept, ensuring
increased capability and less workload for the pilot.
1
fly-by-wire flight control system – электродистанционная система управления полетом
2
ergonomics – эргономика кабины соответствует (отвечает) требованиям, предъявляемым к истребителям
следующего поколения